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2018-2019下高一英语半期试卷

? ?尤溪一中2018-2019学年高一下学期第二次月考

?????????????????高一英语试卷

命题人???审核人:高一英语备课组

???(考试时间:120分钟  满分:150分)

??温馨提示:答题卡准考证号格式为:1+班级两位数+座号两位数+考场号两位数+考场座位号两位数,共九位,请正确填涂。)

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第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节 (5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5)

????听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有l0秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. When does the conversation take place?

A. On Christmas Day. ?????

B. On New Year's Day. ?????

C. On Thanksgiving.

2. Where is Miss Zhao?

A. In the classroom. ??????

B. In the reading room. ????

C. In the computer room.

3. Who is using the bike now?

A. Mike. ???????????????B. Sam. ????????????????C. Linda.

4. How did the woman get the cookies? ?

A. She made them. ???????

B. She bought them. ??????

C. The man gave them to her.

5. What did the man do last weekend? ?

A. He went to see his sister. ???

B. He went to London. ???

C. He stayed at home.

第二节 (15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5)

????听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在答题卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后, 各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6. Who is Tony?

A. The woman's brother. ?????

B. The woman's husband. ???

C. The woman's son.

7. What kind of problem does the woman have?

A. She doesn't earn enough. ??

B. She lost money. ?????????

C. She lost her job.

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8. Where does the conversation take place? ???

A. In the customs office. ????? B. At the airport. ????????? C. In a store.

9. How much does the man want to change?

A. 100 Yuan. ??????????????? B. 690 Yuan. ???????????? C. 8000 Yuan. ?

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10. What does the man say about the woman's father?

A. He is strong. ???????????? B. He is healthy. ?????????? C. He is cool.

11. What`s the woman`s grandfather's hobby? ?

A. Swimming. ????????? ?B. Playing tennis. ????????? C. Watching basketball.

12. What do we know about the woman's brother?

A. He is a doctor. ?????????

B. He is good at football. ??????

C. He doesn't know the man.

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13. What's the probable relationship between the speakers? ?

A. Father and daughter. ?????? B. Classmates. ?????? ?C. Teacher and student.

14. What is the man's first suggestion?

A. Make a good plan. ??????

B. Find a good teacher. ??????

C. Work as hard as possible.

15. What is very important for improving English?

A. Grammar ??????????????? B. New words. ???????? ?C. Pronunciation.

16. What aspects of English does the woman want to improve?

A. Listening and speaking. ????

B. Listening and writing. ???

C. Grammar and speaking.

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17. Where does Franco work?

A. In a factory. ???????????? B. In a hospital. ????????? C. In a bank.

18. Why did he go by train?

A. The plane was not safe. ?????????

B. The train was much cheaper. ?

C. He could enjoy the view.

19. What did he see when he arrived at San Francisco?

A. A poster. ??????????????? B. A letter. ??????????? C. A friend.

20. What did he do in San Francisco?

A. He traveled in the countryside. ?????????

B. He helped injured people.

C. He visited the center of the city.

第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题; 每小题2分,满分30分)

????阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A B C ?D )中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 ?????????????????????

A

????The skin under the eyes is delicate, which is why it sometimes appears sunken and has darker coloring than elsewhere on the face. Aging and health problems play a role in sunken eyes but other factors can contribute, so it may affect younger people as well.

Dehydration

????The most common cause of sunken eyes is dehydration, or not having enough water in the body. Consuming too much coffee, soda, and prepackaged drinks may increase production of urine(尿液), which may lead to dehydration.

Vitamin shortages

????Shortages of vitamin C, vitamin K, and iron can cause eyes to become sunken. Vitamin C helps with absorbing iron and decreasing bruising(瘀斑), while vitamin K is responsible for blood thickening, causing unhealthy skin. Easy bruising and unhealthy skin will?result in sunken eyes.

????Weight loss

????Most people tend to lose weight in their face first. Sometimes, the weight loss is sudden enough to make blood vessels(血管)below the eyes easy to see, and the skin clear, producing the appearance of sunken eyes. Sudden weight loss may also cause nutritional?shortages, which can lead to sunken eyes.

????Not enough sleep or poor quality sleep can cause sunken eyes and a person’s DNA or the habit of smoking can also contribute to sunken eyes. Most cases of sunken eyes relate to the quality of an individual’s nutrition and healthy living. When these causes are corrected, sunken eyes can be resolved without further treatment. This means that causes can be avoided or treated in good time to prevent the recurrence of sunken eyes.

21. What can we do to prevent dehydration according to the text?

A. Refuse coffee. ? ? ? B. Drink more water.

C. Say no to soft drinks. ? ? ??? D. Have certain drinks less.

22. What will lead to bruising below the eyes?

A. Lack of vitamin K. ? ? ?B. Water shortages.

C. Lack of vitamin C. ? ? ? ?D. Nutritional shortages.

23. Which of the following should be avoided for people losing weight?

A. Pale faces. ? ? ? ?B. Sudden weight loss.

C. Clean skin. ? ? ? ?D. Narrow blood vessels.

B

????On a recent afternoon, some 60 years after they graduated from grammar school, Kathleen Rys, 72, and her sister Lorraine O'Kelly, 70, sat down and had a meal with a classmate, Bruce Smit, 71 for the first time.

In the 1950s, Lorraine and Kathleen Rys' family moved from Chicago to Monee. As new kids at Monee Elementary School, they soon found themselves on the outs with other students.

????"I would be with the other guys and see Kathleen walking down the hallway, her head down, holding her books, walking slowly. And all of us guys would be flat against the wall until she passed. Then we'd burst into laughter. How rude is that? It's just crazy." said Smit, a doctor whose wife, Tammy, organized the meeting.

????The women said none of the teachers cared about it. "We just kept it to ourselves. " Lorraine said.

????Over the years, Tammy Smit said, "Bruce would just start to cry at times. He'd wonder what happened to the sisters, if they landed OK." One day a few weeks ago, Tammy took to the internet and found Mary O'Kelly, Lorraine's daughter, and offered to set up a meeting. The idea of revisiting the pain was not well- received by Kathleen, who had never married, let alone gone on a date. It took some convincing, but Lorraine finally got Kathleen to agree to meet with Bruce.

????Bruce broke into tears. "I'm so ashamed, so embarrassed," he said. "But I'm so happy you're still here and that I can finally apologize. " He said he hopes his apology will encourage others to seek forgiveness for the pain they make on others. Lorraine said, "This is a beautiful thing. It's just wonderful that a person from 60 years ago can ask for forgiveness. It's like a miracle to us. It's a healing to us."

24. What can we learn from the first three paragraphs?

A. Kathleen made?her classmates afraid of her at school.

B. Kathleen was once hurt by her classmates at school.

C. Bruce Smit asked his wife to organize the meeting.

D. Bruce Smit spoke ill of Kathleen.

25. What does "it" probably refer to in the 4nd paragraph?

A. The guys’ meeting. ?????? ? ?B. Kathleen’s slow pace.

C. The guys’ apology. ? ? ? ?D. Kathleen’s suffering.

26. How did Kathleen first feel about the meeting?

A. Angry. ? B. Excited. ? C. Anxious. ?D. Unwilling.

27. What can we infer from the last paragraph?

A. Bruce was embarrassed for his apology.

B. The other guys apologized to the two sisters.

C. Bruce and the two sisters felt a sense of relief.

D. Lorraine thought the apology came a little late.

C

????Dolphin (海豚)or not a dolphin? That is the question! You see, there are several types of dolphins. Some are saltwater dolphins while others are river dolphins.

???What are the 32 types of dolphins??When people are asking the question, they are actually referring to the saltwater dolphins in oceans and seas. The river dolphins living in fresh water are not included in these species (物种). But what would be the answer in this case if we ask, “Dolphin or not a dolphin?” The answer would obviously be yes. River dolphins still belong to the dolphin family.

????Among the 32 types of dolphinssome do not actually wear the word dolphin?in their names, such as the tucuxi, while others actually have the word whale?as part of their names even if they are not whales but in fact, belong to the dolphin family, for example, the melon-headed whale and the killer whale. So what would be the answer to the question “dolphin or not a dolphin?” in these cases? It would be yes. All these species do belong to the dolphin family.

????Another question that people ask is, Are the sea animals that perform at aquariums (水族馆)all dolphins??So, it always seems to come back to the question, Dolphin or not a dolphin??Well the answer is no in this case. The sea animals that perform there?are not all dolphins. The beluga which people tend to think belong to the dolphin family because they show what seems like a smile, like most dolphins, are in fact a species of the whale family.

????Now that you read these facts about dolphins, you probably realize that certain sea animals may appear to be part of the dolphin species and that others seem to be part of the whale family but in either case, it is not obvious and can be surprising when?you identify a sea animal as being a dolphin or not a dolphin. That is the question!

28. Which of the following actually belongs to the whale family?

A. The tucuxi. ????? ? ? ?B. The beluga.

C. The killer whale. ? ? ? ?D. The melon -headed whale.

29. What do we know about the majority of the dolphins?

A. They perform for audience. ?? ? ?B. They appear friendly.

C. They look like whales. ?????? ? ?D. They live in fresh water.

30. What could be added about dolphins before the last paragraph if you were the author?

A. The living area. ???????????????? ?B. Dolphin training. ??

C. The eating habits. ?????????????? ?D. Further identification.(证明)

31. This article can be classified as_______.

A. popular science ????????????????? ?B. literary fiction ?

C. a news report ??????????????????? ?D. a travel diary

D

????A walk through the galleries of Quebec's Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (MMFA) places individuals face-to-face with some 43,000 artworks ranging from Chinese ceramics(陶瓷制品)to Inuit sculpture.

????While the visiting is an incredible cultural experience, a group of local physicians will soon be able to prescribe(开处方) museum visits as treatment for some illnesses.

"We know that art contributes to neural(神经的)activity," said MMFA director Nathalie Bondil. "What we see is that being in contact with art can really help your well-being."

Hélène Boyer, vice president of a Montreal-based medical association, explains that museum visits have been shown to increase levels of serotonin, a neurotransmitter(神经传导物质) known as the "happy chemical" which helps to lift mood.

????According to Boyer, the small increase in hormones(荷尔蒙)associated with enjoying an afternoon of art is similar to that offered by exercise, making museum prescriptions ideal for the elderly experiencing pain that prevents them from regularly joining in physical activity.

The museum visits are designed to improve traditional methods. As Bondil notes, spending time in a peaceful environment can provide a welcome distraction. "What is most important is this experience can help them escape from their own pain," she says. "When you enter the museum, you escape from the speed of our daily life."

????"I am convinced that in the 21st century, culture will be what physical activity was for health in the 20th century," said Bondil. " Some people would do well to recall that just in the 19th century, sports were believed to do harm to the body. Just as doctors now prescribe exercise, they will be able to prescribe a visit to the MMFA."

32. What does Hélène Boyer think of museum visits?

A. They can cheer people up.

B. They can reduce physical activity.

C. They can slow down our life pace.

D. They can increase levels of art appreciation.

33. How do museum visits affect people?

A. Stop them centering?on pain.

B. Stop them centering?on traditional methods.

C. Encourage them not to be absent-minded.

D. Encourage them to slow their steps while walking.

34. What does the last paragraph suggest?

A. Physical activities were popular in the 19th century.

B. Sports are considered to be harmful to the body.

C. Ideas of treating illnesses are changing over time.

D. Doctors prescribe museum visits regularly now.

35. What is the main idea of the text?

A. Museum visits are ideal for the elderly. ?

B. Happy chemical helps to lift mood.

C. Peaceful environment helps escape pain. ?

D. Cultural activities will promote(促进)?health.

第二节 (共 5 小题每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项选项中有两项为多余选项。?

????Why do people take “selfies (自拍)”? Researchers at Syracuse University in New York tried to answer that question.?????36 ???

????People who post selfies and use editing software to make themselves look better show behavior connected to narcissism (自恋), the Syracuse researchers said. Narcissists are people who think very highly of themselves, especially how they look.?????37 ????Because social media can be superficial (肤浅), it is mostly used to share such unimportant information about their lives.

????????38 ????People who post group selfies show a need for popularity and a need to belong to a group, the Syracuse University research found. They said some people feel “peer pressure” to post selfies. And some believe it did not really happen if there is no picture of an event or experience.

????Chock said posting selfies on social media is not all that different from what people have done for many years. On trips and special events, our elders used cameras to take photos. Before social media, people would bring back photos to show friends and family. ????39 ????If you are a nice person, you commented about how nice everyone in the photos looked, especially children and the person showing the photos. That was the old way of “clicking” like.?????40 ????People can decide not to look at photos of their friends and family—even if they click “like” or even “love” under the Facebook selfie.

??A. On social media, it is a different experience.

??B. They came up with some surprising answers.

??C. There are other reasons why people post selfies.

??D. You had no choice but to look at them.

??E. Here is how the Syracuse researchers did their study.

??F. For them, social media is a good place to post selfies.

??G. There are no major differences on how often men and women post selfies.

部分:英语知识运用(共 2节,满分 45?分)?

第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABC ?D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项

?????It was pouring outside. We all stood there???41 ??, some patiently, others annoyed????42 ???nature messed up their hurried day. I got lost in the sound and sight of the heavens????43 ???away the dirt and dust of the world.

????“Mom, let’s run through the rain,” a girl’s voice????44 ??me.

????“No, honey. We’ll wait until it????45 ??down a bit,” Mom replied.

????The young girl waited about another minute and????46 ??,“Mom, let’s run through the rain.”

????“We’ll get wet if we do,” Mom said.

????“No, we won’t, Mom. That’s not what you said this morning,” the young girl said as she???47 ??her Mom’s arm.

????“This morning????48 ??did I say we could run through the rain and not get wet?”

????“Don’t you remember? When you were talking to Daddy about his cancer, you said, ‘If God can get us through this, he can get us through???49 ??.’”

?????The entire crowd turned dead???50 ??. Mom paused and thought for a moment about???51 ??she would say. ?????

?????Now some would laugh it off and scold her for being silly.???52 ??this was a moment of affirmation (肯定) in a young child's life. Time when innocent (单纯的) trust can be inspired so that it will bloom into faith. “Honey, you are???53 ??. Let’s run through the rain. If we get wet, maybe we just need washing,” Mom said. Then???54??they ran.

????We all stood???55 ??, smiling and laughing as they ran past the cars. Yes, they got wet. But they were???56 ??by a few who screamed and laughed like children all the ?57 ???to their cars.

????Circumstances or people can take away your material possessions, and they can even take away your???58 ??. But no one can take away your valuable???59 ??. So, don’t forget to make time and take the???60 ?to make memories every day! I hope you still take the time to run through the rain.

41. A. talking ???? B.waiting ???? ?? C.complaining ??? ?D. expecting

42. A. because ???? B. as if ?????? ? C. even if ????? ? D. that

43. A. taking ??? B. putting ??? ? C. washing ???? ?D. driving

44. A. called ? B. broke ???? ? C. impressed ????? ?D. caught ??

45. A. slows ? B. comes ????? ? C. pushes ????? ? D. keeps ?????

46. A. asked ????? B. required ???? ? C. repeated ?? ? D. added

47. A. touched ? ?B. pulled ???? ? C. waved ??? ? D. felt

48. A. When ?? ?B. How ??? ? ?C. Why ??? ? ?D. Where

49. A. rain ???? ?B. disease ??? ? C. anything ??? ? D. something

50. A. still ??? ?B.angry ? ? C. serious ???? ? ?D. silent ??

51. A. what ? ?B. how ??? ? ?C. whether ???? ? D. if

52. A. However ??? B. But ?? ? ?C. After ???? ? D. Though

53. A. stupid ??? B. wrong ????? ? C. clever ? ?D. right

54. A. on ? B. along ???? ? C. off ?????? ? D. over

55. A. sighing ?? B. watching ? ? C. discussing ???? ?D. joking ?

56. A. respected ????B. guided ??? ? C. followed ??? ? D. praised

57. A. way ??????? B. time ? ? C. same ???? ? D. best

58. A. house ???? B. money ???? ? C. time ? ? D. health ???

59. A. children ?? B. memories ??????? C. courage ???? ? D. experience ?

60. A. possibilities ? B. risk ? ? ?C. opportunities ??? ?D. challenge

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

????????阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容1个单词)或括号内单词正确形式

New York is 3 hours ahead of California, but it does not make California slow. Someone graduated at???1 ??age of 22,?but waited 5 years before???2 ???(find) a good job!?Someone became a CEO at 25,and died at 50,while another became a CEO at 50, and lived to 90???3 ??(year).?Someone is still single, while someone else got????4 ??(marry).Obama retires at 55, but Trump starts at 70.????5 ??(actual) everyone in this world???6 ??(work) based on their Time Zone.?People around you might seem to go ahead of you, some might seem to be???7 ??you. But everyone is running their own RACE, in their own TIME. Don’t envy them????8 ???laugh at them. They are in their TIME ZONE, and you are in???9 ??(you)! Life is about waiting for the right moment ?10 ????(act).

????So, RELAX.?You’re not LATE.?You’re not EARLY.?You are very much ON TIME, and in your TIME ZONE Destiny set up for you.

第四部分 词汇应用(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

第一节 根据汉语意思或括号内词的正确形式填空(每空仅填1)

1. So far there is no ____________(令人信服的) evidence that there exits life in outer

??space.

2. The film___________(direct) by Charlie Chaplin was very interesting.

3. The girl came in and ____________(小声说) something in the teacher’s ear.

4. _________ (装备) with new scientific farming methods, they have been able to use

??less farmland than in the past.

5. I can’t think of any possible_____________(explain) for his absence.

6. There was story after story of how Lin Qiaozhi, tired after a day’s work, went late at ?

??night to ___________(接生) a baby for a poor family.

7. They were having an ____________(argue) about who should do the housework.

8. When it is raining, the buses are ____________.(拥挤的)

9. In the past two____________(十年)some of the farmers in the west of China have

??met with some success in the struggle against the expanding desert.

10. Nobody before Jane fully understood chimp _____________(行为,举止). She spent

??years observing and recording their daily activities.

第二节 完成句子(每空仅填1)

1. Unfortunately his father died, leaving the family even __________ ?__________.(

??况更差)

2. Charlie Chaplin wrote, directed, and produced the films he _________ ?__________.

??(主演)

3. __________ ?___________(幸亏) Dr. Smith, I can walk around again now.

4. I looked carefully at the text and realized that it ____________ ?_____________ ?

??___________(是为......而准备的\设计的) women in the countryside.

5. He __________ all his attention ___________(集中注意力于) the experiment and had

??no time to spend with his?family.

第五部分 写作 (满分20)

????假定你是李华。你刚从英国为期五天的旅游回来,感谢好友Rick的款待。得知他对中国的文化非常的感兴趣,特别是即将到来的端午节,请你写一封信介绍中国的端午节。内容要点包括:

????1.感谢他的招待。

????2.介绍中国的端午节(时间,意义,风俗等)

????3.欢迎他来中国。

????注意:

????1.词数100左右;

????2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

????3.提示词:端午节?the Dragon Boat Festival

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尤溪一中2018-2019学年高一下学期第二次月考

??高一英语试卷答题卷

????三部分 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

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1. __________?2. __________??3. __________??4. __________??5. __________

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6.?__________?7.________??_??8. __________??9. __________?10. __________

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????部分 词汇应用?共两节 满分15

????第一节 根据汉语意思或括号内词的正确形式填空。

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1. __________?2. __________??3. __________??4. __________??5. __________

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6.?__________?7.________??_??8. __________??9. __________?10. __________

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第二节 完成句子

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1. ____________ ?____________

2. ____________ ?____________

3. ___________ ??____________

4. ___________ ??____________ ?____________

5. ___________ ??____________

????第五部分 写作 (满分20)

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Dear Rick,

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???Yours sincerely

?????????Li Hua

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尤溪一中2018-2019学年高一下学期第二次月考参考答案

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第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

1-5BCBAC ??6-10BACCA ??11-15BBCAC ??16-20ABCAB

?

第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分40分)

21-23 DCB ???? 24-27 BDDC ?????28-31 BBDA ?? ???32-35AACD

36-40 BFCDA

?

部分:英语知识运用(共 2节,满分 45?分)

第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

41-45?BACDA ??46-50?CBACD ???51-55ABDCB ??56-60?CADBC

第二节 语法填空 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

1.the ??? 2. finding ?? 3. years ? 4. married ? ?5. Actually ??

6. works ? 7. behind ?? ?8. or ???? 9. yours ?? ?10. to act

?

第四部分 词汇应用(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

第一节 根据汉语意思或括号内词的正确形式填空。

1. convincing ??2. directed ???3. whispered ???4. Equipped ???5. explanation

6. deliver ?????7. argument ??8. crowded ?????9. decades ????10. behavior

第二节 完成句子

1. worse off ????2. starred in ?????3. Thanks to ???4. was intended for

5. focused on

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第五部分 写作 (满分20)

Dear Rick,

????How is everything going? I had a five-day trip to London last week. I would like to express my gratitude for your hospitality and kindness when I was in London.

????Knowing that you take a great fancy to Chinese culture, especially the Dragon Boat Festival, I would love to introduce it to you. The Dragon Boat Festival, one of the most traditional festivals in China, falls on May 5th in the lunar calendar. People celebrate this festival in memory of Qu Yuan, who was a Chinese poet. Besides, people in China will also hold a variety of activities to honor him, such as dragon boat racing,?eating zongzi and so on.

????Welcome to China. You will have an unforgettable experience if you come to China before this festival.

????Best wishes.

???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Yours?sincerely,

??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Li Hua

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